Strain-induced magnetocrystalline anisotropy in Ni on Cu(001)

Ruqian Wu*, Lujun Chen, A. J. Freeman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The origin of the observed perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) in Ni/Cu(001) for thick Ni layers is investigated using the ab initio full potential linearized augmented plane wave method. With the aid of the state tracking and torque approaches, very stable results are obtained for the magnetocrystalline anisotropy (MCA) energies for both the Ni/Cu(001) overlayer systems and the distorted bulk fct Ni. We find that the PMA is due mainly to the strain induced bulk contribution rather than to interfacial hybridization. The calculated value of the bulk MCA energy, 65 μeV/atom, is very close to recent experimental data extrapolated to zero temperature, 70 μeV/atom.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4417-4418
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number8 PART 2A
StatePublished - Apr 15 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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