Strain-rate effects on concrete behavior

Gianluca Cusatis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

135 Scopus citations


In this paper, a previously developed meso-scale model for concrete, called the Confinement Shear Lattice (CSL) model, is extended in order to include the effect of loading rate on concrete strength and fracturing behavior. The rate dependence of concrete behavior is assumed to be caused by two different physical mechanisms. The first is a dependence of the fracture process on the rate of crack opening, and the second is the viscoelastic deformation of the intact (unfractured) cement paste. In this study, the first mechanism is described by the activation energy theory applied to the ruptures occurring along the crack surfaces, whereas the second mechanism is modeled by the Microprestress-Solidification theory. The developed model is calibrated and validated on the basis of experimental data gathered from the literature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)162-170
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Impact Engineering
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2011


  • Concrete
  • Concrete strength
  • Creep
  • Lattice models
  • Strain-rate effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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