Strain-time curve analysis by speckle tracking echocardiography in cardiac resynchronization therapy: Insight into the pathophysiology of responders vs. non-responders

Andrew C Y To, Rodolfo D. Benatti, Kimi Sato, Richard A. Grimm, James D. Thomas, Bruce L. Wilkoff, Deborah Agler, Zoran B. Popović*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Patients with non-ischemic heart failure etiology and left bundle branch block (LBBB) show better response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). While these patients have the most pronounced left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony, LV dyssynchrony assessment often fails to predict outcome. We hypothesized that patients with favorable outcome from CRT can be identified by a characteristic strain distribution pattern. Methods: From 313 patients who underwent CRT between 2003 and 2006, we identified 10 patients who were CRT non-responders (no LV end-systolic volume [LVESV] reduction) with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy and LBBB and compared with randomly selected CRT responders (n = 10; LVESV reduction ≥15 %). Longitudinal strain (ϵlong) data were obtained by speckle tracking echocardiography before and after (9 ± 5 months) CRT implantation and standardized segmental ϵlong-time curves were obtained by averaging individual patients. Results: In responders, ejection fraction (EF) increased from 25 ± 9 to 40 ± 11 % (p = 0.002), while in non-responders, EF was unchanged (20 ± 8 to 21 ± 5 %, p = 0.57). Global ϵlong was significantly lower in non-responders at pre CRT (p = 0.02) and only improved in responders (p = 0.04) after CRT. Pre CRT septal ϵlong -time curves in both groups showed early septal contraction with mid-systolic decrease, while lateral ϵlong showed early stretch followed by vigorous mid to late contraction. Restoration of contraction synchrony was observed in both groups, though non-responder remained low amplitude of ϵlong. Conclusions: CRT non-responders with LBBB and non-ischemic etiology showed a similar improvement of ϵlong pattern with responders after CRT implantation, while amplitude of ϵlong remained unchanged. Lower ϵlong in the non-responders may account for their poor response to CRT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number57
JournalCardiovascular Ultrasound
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 18 2016

Keywords

  • Cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • Dyssynchrony
  • Left bundle branch block

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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