Streptococcus pneumoniae empyema necessitatis

Alexandra F. Freeman*, Tamar Ben-Ami, Stanford T. Shulman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Empyema necessitatis is a rare complication of empyema characterized by extension of suppuration from the pleural space through the chest wall. The most common etiologies are tuberculosis and actinomycosis. We describe a 1-year-old boy with Streptococcus pneumoniae empyema necessitatis and review previously reported cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-179
Number of pages3
JournalPediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Issue number2 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Feb 2004


  • Empyema
  • Empyema necessitatis
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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