Strong Electron-Phonon Coupling and Self-Trapped Excitons in the Defect Halide Perovskites A3M2I9 (A = Cs, Rb; M = Bi, Sb)

Kyle M. McCall, Constantinos C. Stoumpos, Svetlana S. Kostina, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, Bruce W. Wessels*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

480 Scopus citations


The optical and electronic properties of Bridgman grown single crystals of the wide-bandgap semiconducting defect halide perovskites A3M2I9 (A = Cs, Rb; M = Bi, Sb) have been investigated. Intense Raman scattering was observed at room temperature for each compound, indicating high polarizability and strong electron-phonon coupling. Both low-temperature and room-temperature photoluminescence (PL) were measured for each compound. Cs3Sb2I9 and Rb3Sb2I9 have broad PL emission bands between 1.75 and 2.05 eV with peaks at 1.96 and 1.92 eV, respectively. The Cs3Bi2I9 PL spectra showed broad emission consisting of several overlapping bands in the 1.65-2.2 eV range. Evidence of strong electron-phonon coupling comparable to that of the alkali halides was observed in phonon broadening of the PL emission. Effective phonon energies obtained from temperature-dependent PL measurements were in agreement with the Raman peak energies. A model is proposed whereby electron-phonon interactions in Cs3Sb2I9, Rb3Sb2I9, and Cs3Bi2I9 induce small polarons, resulting in trapping of excitons by the lattice. The recombination of these self-trapped excitons is responsible for the broad PL emission. Rb3Bi2I9, Rb3Sb2I9, and Cs3Bi2I9 exhibit high resistivity and photoconductivity response under laser photoexcitation, indicating that these compounds possess potential as semiconductor hard radiation detector materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4129-4145
Number of pages17
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 9 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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