Strong Nonlinearity Induced by Coaxial Alignment of Polar Chain and Dense [BO3] Units in CaZn2(BO3)2

Miriding Mutailipu, Fuming Li, Congcong Jin, Zhihua Yang, Kenneth R. Poeppelmeier, Shilie Pan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Discovery of new efficient nonlinear optical (NLO) materials with large second-order nonlinearity for the short-wave ultraviolet spectral region (λPM≤266 nm, PM=phase-matching) is still very challenging. Herein, a new beryllium-free borate CaZn2(BO3)2 with Sr2Be2B2O7 (SBBO) double-layered like configuration was rationally designed, which not only preserves the structural merits but also eliminates the limitations of the SBBO crystal. CaZn2(BO3)2 shows a large PM second harmonic generation (SHG) reponse of 3.8×KDP, which is 38 times higher than that of its barium analogue. This enhancement mainly originates from the 1[Zn2O6] polar chains with a large net dipole moment and [BO3] units with a high NLO active density. Our findings show the great significance of the [ZnO4] tetrahedra introduced strategy to design beryllium-free SBBO-type NLO crystals and also verify the feasibility of using simple non-isomorphic substitution to induce giant second-order nonlinearity enhancement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere202202096
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Issue number21
StatePublished - May 16 2022


  • Borates
  • Crystals
  • Functionalized Units
  • Nonlinear Optical Materials
  • Solid-State Chemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Strong Nonlinearity Induced by Coaxial Alignment of Polar Chain and Dense [BO3] Units in CaZn2(BO3)2'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this