Structural and kinetic analysis of BaCl2 nanocrystals in fluorochlorozirconate glass-ceramics

Carlos J. Alvarez*, Russell L. Leonard, Sharon K. Gray, Jacqueline A. Johnson, Amanda K. Petford-Long

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The presence of BaCl2 nanocrystals and the crystallographic phase that they adopt controls the optical behavior of fluorochlorozirconate glass-ceramics. We have used in situ X-ray diffraction heating experiments and ex situ transmission electron microscopy to follow the BaCl2 nanocrystal nucleation and growth processes as a function of heating rate and isothermal hold temperature. The BaCl2 nanocrystals nucleate with the hexagonal crystal structure and grow as spherical particles to a size of ∼10 to 20 nm. They then undergo a structural transformation to the orthorhombic phase and their shape changes to rounded disks, with diameters ranging from 150 to 250 nm, and thicknesses ranging from 80 to 120 nm. The change in size results from Ostwald ripening of the hexagonal BaCl2 nanocrystals to form the orthorhombic BaCl2 nanocrystals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1099-1104
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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