Structural defects in bulk GaN

Z. Liliental-Weber*, Roberto dos Reis, M. Mancuso, C. Y. Song, I. Grzegory, S. Porowski, M. Bockowski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) studies of undoped and Mg doped GaN layers grown on the HVPE substrates by High Nitrogen Pressure Solution (HNPS) with the multi-feed-seed (MFS) configuration are shown. The propagation of dislocations from the HVPE substrate to the layer is observed. Due to the interaction between these dislocations in the thick layers much lower density of these defects is observed in the upper part of the HNPS layers. Amorphous Ga precipitates with attached voids pointing toward the growth direction are observed in the undoped layer. This is similar to the presence of Ga precipitates in high-pressure platelets, however the shape of these precipitates is different. The Mg doped layers do not show Ga precipitates, but MgO rectangular precipitates are formed, decorating the dislocations. Results of TEM studies of HVPE layers grown on Ammonothermal substrates are also presented. These layers have superior crystal quality in comparison to the HNPS layers, as far as density of dislocation is concern. Occasionally some small inclusions can be found, but their chemical composition was not yet determined. It is expected that growth of the HNPS layers on these substrate will lead to large layer thickness obtained in a short time and with high crystal perfection needed in devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)66-71
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014


  • A1. Dislocations
  • Ammonothermal substrates
  • Crystal perfection in hvpe layers grown on
  • Defects in high pressure grow layers
  • Precipitates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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