Structural, optical and electrical properties of ZnS nanoparticles affecting by organic coating

N. Soltani*, Arash Dehzangi, A. Kharazmi, E. Saion, W. Mahmood Mat Yunus, B. Yeop Majlis, M. Reza Zare, E. Gharibshahi, N. Khalilzadeh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


In this study the influence of the organic polymeric coating and its concentration on the structural, optical and electrical properties of ZnS nanocrystals has been investigated. In this matter, PVP-capped ZnS nanocrystals were prepared by a simple, rapid and energy efficient microwave method. The XRD results confirmed the formation of single phase cubic nanocrystalline structure. TEM images showed the formation of well isolated spherical nanoparticles with the average size of less than 5.5 nm. The presence of tensile strain in all samples was determined from Williamson-Hall analysis. The elemental compositions of Zn, S and O were quantitatively obtained from EDX analysis, where the FT-IR spectra confirmed coordination with O atoms of PVP. The band gap and absorption edge shift was determined using UV-visible spectroscopy. The PL spectra of the PVPcapped ZnS nanoparticles appeared broadened from 370 to 500 nm due to the presence of multiple emission bands attribute to the sulfur and zinc vacancies or compounded effect of PVP. The electrical property study of samples indicated the conductivity enhancement from 2.981×10-6 to 7.014 ×10-6 S/m by increasing PVP concentration. Increasing of dielectric constant and decrease in the peak value of tan δ by raising the PVP concentration were observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-90
Number of pages12
JournalChalcogenide Letters
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2014


  • AC and DC conductivity
  • Dielectric constant
  • PVP
  • Photoluminescence
  • Williamson-Hall analysis
  • ZnS nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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