Pentaphenyl trimethyl trisiloxane is an isotropic liquid at room temperature with a dynamic glass transition at 224 K. Using x-ray reflectivity, we see surface density oscillations (layers) develop below 285 K, similar to those seen in other metallic and dielectric liquids and in computer simulations. The layering threshold is ∼0.23 times the liquid-gas critical temperature. Upon cooling further, there is a sharp increase at 224 K in the persistence of the surface layers into the bulk material, i.e., an apparently discontinuous change in static structure at the glass transition.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)