Structure and regulon of Campylobacter jejuni ferric uptake regulator fur define apo-Fur regulation

James Butcher, Sabina Sarvan, Joseph S. Brunzelle, Jean François Couture*, Alain Stintzi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

79 Scopus citations

Abstract

The full regulatory potential of the ferric uptake regulator (Fur) family of proteins remains undefined despite over 20 years of study. We report herein an integrated approach that combines both genome-wide technologies and structural studies to define the role of Fur in Campylobacter jejuni (Cj). CjFur ChIP-chip assays identified 95 genomic loci bound by CjFur associated with functions as diverse as iron acquisition, flagellar biogenesis, and non-iron ion transport. Comparative analysis with transcriptomic data revealed that CjFur regulation extends beyond solely repression and also includes both gene activation and iron-independent regulation. Computational analysis revealed the presence of an elongated holo-Fur repression motif along with a divergent holo-Fur activation motif. This diversity of CjFur DNA-binding elements is supported by the crystal structure of CjFur, which revealed a unique conformation of its DNA-binding domain and the absence of metal in the regulatory site. Strikingly, our results indicate that the apo-CjFur structure retains the canonical V-shaped dimer reminiscent of previously characterized holo-Fur proteins enabling DNA interaction. This conformation stems from a structurally unique hinge domain that is poised to further contribute to CjFur's regulatory functions by modulating the orientation of the DNA-binding domain upon binding of iron. The unique features of the CjFur crystal structure rationalize the binding sequence diversity that was uncovered during ChIP-chip analysis and defines apo-Fur regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10047-10052
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume109
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 19 2012

Keywords

  • DNA-protein interactions
  • Gene regulation
  • Metal regulation
  • Structural characterization
  • Transcription factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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