Structure Mapping in Analogy and Similarity

Dedre Gentner*, Arthur B. Markman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1229 Scopus citations


Analogy and similarity are often assumed to be distinct psychological processes. In contrast to this position, the authors suggest that both similarity and analogy involve a process of structural alignment and mapping, that is, that similarity is like analogy. In this article, the authors first describe the structure-mapping process as it has been worked out for analogy. Then, this view is extended to similarity, where it is used to generate new predictions Finally the authors explore broader implications of structural alignment for psychological processing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-56
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Psychologist
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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