Hydrothermally grown crystals of α-K3NdSi6O15·2H2O, potassium neodymium silicate, have been studied by single-crystal X-ray methods. The compound crystallizes in space group Pbam, contains four formula units per unit cell and has lattice constants a = 16.008 (2), b = 15.004 (2) and c = 7.2794 (7) Å, giving a calculated density of 2.683 Mg m-3. Refinement was carried out with 2161 independent structure factors to a residual, R(F), of 0.0528 [wR(F2) = 0.1562] using anisotropic temperature factors for all atoms other than those associated with water molecules. The structure is based on highly corrugated (Si2O52-)∞ layers which can be generated by the condensation of xonotlite-like ribbons, which can, in turn, be generated by the condensation of wollastonite-like chains. The silicate layers are connected by Nd octahedra to form a three-dimensional framework. Potassium ions and water molecules are located in interstitial sites within this framework, in particular, within channels that extend along . Aging of as-grown crystals at room temperature for periods of six months or more results in an ordering phenomenon that causes the length of the c axis to double. In addition, two phase transitions were found to occur upon heating. The high-temperature transformations, investigated by differential scanning calorimetry, thermal gravimetric analysis and high-temperature X-ray diffraction, are reversible, suggesting displacive transformations in which the layers remain intact. Conductivity measurements along all three crystallographic axes showed the conductivity to be greatest along  and further suggest that the channels present in the room-temperature structure are preserved at high temperatures so as to serve as pathways for easy ion transport. Ion-exchange experiments revealed that silver can readily be incorporated into the structure.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science|
|State||Published - Jun 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)