Structure-processing relationships of freeze-cast iron foams fabricated with various solidification rates and post-casting heat treatment

P. J. Lloreda-Jurado, S. K. Wilke, K. Scotti, A. Paúl-Escolano, D. C. Dunand, R. Sepúlveda*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Iron foams are potential materials for the production, purification, and recuperation of hydrogen through redox systems. They are inexpensive, recyclable, and environmentally friendly. Nevertheless, iron foams cannot be employed repeatedly for redox cycling at high temperatures because the structure suffers morphological changes and a decrease in the effective porosity. In this work, two different pore structures of Fe-foams fabricated by freeze-casting have been produced: constant (CP) and gradient (GP) pore size. CP Fe-foams were obtained by employing a double-sided cooling technique to minimize gradients in pore width that result when using one-sided, constant cooling solidification techniques. GP Fe-foams were manufactured using a fixed-temperature cold plate. Optical microscopy and X-ray tomography were employed to characterize the pore structure and, for GP Fe-foams, to investigate the effect of redox cycling. After redox cycling, GP Fe-foams exhibited significant pore degradation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Materials Research
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Fe
  • foam
  • optical metallography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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