Studies of epoxy resin systems: Part B: Effect of crosslinking on the physical properties of an epoxy resin

T. D. Chang*, Stephen Howard Carr, J. O. Brittain

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

An epoxy system consisting of diglycidyl ether of butanediol, DGEB, cured with 4‐4′ diaminodiphenyl sulfone, DDS, has been used for a study of the effect of crosslinking density on the properties of the epoxy resin. Because of the low curing rate at room temperature and the low glass‐transition temperature, this system was amenable to a wide range of controlled cross‐linking density. The crosslinking density was monitored by FTIR (Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy), which followed the change in concentration of the epoxy groups during the curing reaction. The bulk density was found to increase linearly with the crosslinking density. The modulus, the upper yield point, the lower yield point, and the degree of retraction of a deformed sample all increased with the degree of crosslinking. The thermally stimulated depolarization (TSD) β‐peak was found to vary with crosslinking density, but the γ‐peak was not changed. The TSD a peak was found to decrease in strength, but increased in temperature as the crosslinking density increased. This observation suggests that TSD measurements arc a good monitor of crosslinking density of epoxy resins, particularly near the final stage of the crosslinking reaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1213-1220
Number of pages8
JournalPolymer Engineering & Science
Volume22
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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