Studies on hypoglycaemic effects of polyherbal preparation in streptozotocin-induced diabetic male albino rats

A. Ismail Khan, Yuvaraj Sambandam, E. Suthagar, C. Parthasarathy, K. Balasubramanian*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many traditional treatments have been recommended in the alternative system of medicine for diabetes mellitus. However, the mode of action of most of the herbals used has not been defined. It has been reported that sex hormones are important regulators of insulin-mediated events in skeletal muscles. In view of this, a novel herbal preparation containing antidiabetic and aphrodisiac plants was used in the present study. Adult male albino rats were divided into following groups after induction of diabetes. Rats were given an intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of streptozotocin (STZ), at a dose of 65 mg/kg body weight after overnight fasting, to induce diabetic state with blood glucose levels >250 mg/dL. Group 1ĝ€"Control rats treated with single i.p. injection of vehicle, Group 2ĝ€"Rats treated with polyherbal preparation (PHP; 500 mg/kg body weight by oral intubation, morning and evening for 30 days), Group 3ĝ€"STZ-diabetic rats treated orally with equal volumes of vehicle (water) alone and Group 4ĝ€"STZ- diabetic rats treated with PHP after 10 days of diabetic induction. STZ-diabetes decreased the body weight, serum insulin level and glucose oxidation in liver and skeletal muscles but increased the fasting blood glucose level. After polyherbal treatment, body weight and glucose oxidation were completely restored to control level while serum insulin level was restored partially and the glucose tolerance was significantly improved. There was a significant decrease in total haemoglobin (Hb) level of diabetic rats when compared to control but polyherbal treatment significantly improved the same. However, the other parameters studied (red blood cell [RBC], white blood corpuscle [WBC], packed cell volume [PCV], mean corpuscular volume [MCV] and mean corpuscular haemoglobin [MCH]) were unaltered. In conclusion, the anti-diabetic properties of PHP appear to be mediated through pancreatic 2-cell regeneration, resulting in maintenance of optimal blood glucose and its oxidation in liver and skeletal muscles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)679-687
Number of pages9
JournalHuman and Experimental Toxicology
Volume28
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009

Keywords

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Glucose oxidation
  • Insulin
  • Polyherbal preparation
  • Streptozotocin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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