A profoundly hypothermic 5-hour-old infant in cardiac arrest was brought to the emergency department by paramedics. The infant was found wrapped in a garbage bag inside a freezer. She had been in the freezer for approximately four hours. Her initial rectal temperature was 16.2°C. Active external and core warming modalities, including warm blanket, radiant heat lamp, warm humidified air, heated gastric lavage, and heated bladder lavage, were used to rewarm the infant. Her temperature rose to 30.5°C in three hours (4.8°C/hr). The infant converted from a slow idioventricular rhythm to sinus bradycardia at 49 minutes (20.4°C) into the resuscitation. At 53 minutes (21.5°C), the infant moved both upper extremities. At the time of discharge from the hospital, she had no significant physical or neurologic problems. Neurologic examination at 4 months was normal. This report supports prior recommendations to aggressively rewarm severely hypothermic infants in cardiac arrest. [Thompson DA, Anderson N: Successful resuscitation of a severely hypothermic neonate. Ann Emerg Med June 1994;23:1390-1393.].
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine