Background Signs of brainstem ischemia in children may be subtle, and outcome following basilar artery occlusion is often poor. There currently are no guidelines in children regarding the best methods to diagnose and treat basilar artery occlusion. Methods Case report and literature review. Results We describe the presentation and management of recurrent basilar artery occlusion in a previously healthy 5-year-old boy with vertebral artery dissection. Treatment included emergent intra-arterial tPA and mechanical thrombolysis of basilar artery clot, followed by later coiling of the vertebral artery to prevent recurring episodes of basilar artery ischemia. Conclusion Management of brainstem stroke in children requires coordination of neurology, critical care, and interventional radiology services. Delayed intra-arterial thrombolysis and vertebral artery coiling can be successfully used to treat basilar artery occlusion and prevent the recurrence of brainstem ischemia in children.
- Brainstem stroke
- Top of the basilar syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine