Suicidal Behavior and Associations with Quality of Life among HIV-Infected Patients in Ibadan, Nigeria

Bibilola Damilola Oladeji*, Babafemi Taiwo, Olushola Mosuro, Samuel A. Fayemiwo, Taiwo Abiona, Angela J. Fought, Kevin Robertson, Adesola Ogunniyi, Isaac F. Adewole

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Background: Suicidality has rarely been studied in HIV-infected patients in sub-Saharan Africa. This study explored suicidal behavior in a clinic sample of people living with HIV, in Nigeria. Methods: Consecutive patients were interviewed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI-10.0) and the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHO-QOL-HIV-BREF). Associations of suicidal behavior were explored using logistic regression models. Results: In this sample of 828 patients (71% female, mean age 41.3 ± 10 years), prevalence of suicidal behaviors were 15.1%, 5.8%, and 3.9% for suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts, respectively. Women were more likely than men to report suicidal ideation (odds ratio 1.7; 95% confidence interval 1.05-2.64). Depression and/or anxiety disorder was associated with increased odds of all suicidal behaviors. Suicidal behavior was associated with significantly lower overall and domain scores on the WHO-QOL. Conclusion: Suicidal behaviors were common and significantly associated with the presence of mental disorders and lower quality of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)376-382
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017


  • depression
  • quality of life
  • suicidal behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Dermatology
  • Immunology


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