Suicidal Ideation and Behavior in Youth in the Juvenile Justice System: A Review of the Literature

Marquita L. Stokes, Kathleen P. McCoy, Karen M. Abram, Gayle R. Byck, Linda A. Teplin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Suicide is prevalent among youth, especially those involved in the juvenile justice system. Although many studies have examined suicidal ideation and behavior in delinquent youth, prevalence rates vary widely. This article reviews studies of suicidal ideation and behavior in youth in the juvenile justice system, focusing on the point of contact: incarceration status and stage of judicial processing. Suicidal ideation and behavior are prevalent and increase with greater involvement in the juvenile justice system. Depression, sexual abuse, and trauma were the most commonly identified predictors of suicidal ideation and behavior. Prevalence rates of suicidal ideation and behavior vary by gender and race/ethnicity, indicating the need for gender-specific and culturally relevant interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)222-242
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Correctional Health Care
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 19 2015

Keywords

  • detainees
  • juvenile justice
  • suicidal behavior
  • suicidal ideation
  • suicide attempts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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