Suitability of liquid‐stored donor platelets in platelet compatibility testing

J. E. Kiss*, D. J. Salamon, J. Wilson, G. Ramsey, R. J. Duquesnoy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Current platelet crossmatch procedures to select compatible donors for alloimmunized thrombocytopenic patients are hampered by the lack of a convenient platelet storage method. This study examined the feasibility of using washed apheresis donor platelets stored for up to 1 year in a modified Hank's buffer solution at 4° C as crossmatch reagents in an indirect IgG‐enzyme immunoassay. Pooled and monospecific HLA and PlA1 antisera were used to determine the antigenic reactivity of donor platelets in relation to duration of storage. There were no significant differences between mean HLA and PlA1 antigen expression in fresh and stored platelets. HLA reactivity was detected on 12 of 13 donor platelet samples stored for 3 to 9 months and on 14 of 17 platelets stored for 12 to 14 months. PlA1 reactivity was maintained at 12 to 14 months for all 12 donor platelet samples tested. In addition, incompatibility remained in 23 of 24 paired fresh and stored platelet crossmatches using individual alloimmunized patient plasmas. These data indicate that both HLA and platelet‐specific PlA1 antigen reactivity can be maintained adequately in liquid storage at 4° C for up to 1 year. The availability of a convenient platelet storage method should facilitate the general application of platelet crossmatching procedures for alloimmunized patients. 1989 AABB

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)405-410
Number of pages6
JournalTransfusion
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Hematology

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