Superelasticity by reversible variants reorientation in a Ni-Mn-Ga microwire with bamboo grains

Z. L. Wang, P. Zheng, Z. H. Nie, Y. Ren, Y. D. Wang, P. Müllner, D. C. Dunand*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


The link between microstructure and mechanical properties is investigated for a superelastic Ni-Mn-Ga microwire with 226 μm diameter, created by solidification via the Taylor method. The wire, which consists of bamboo grains with tetragonal martensite matrix and coarse γ precipitates, exhibits fully reversible superelastic behavior up to 4% tensile strain. Upon multiple tensile load-unload cycles, reproducible stress fluctuations of ∼3 MPa are measured on the loading superelastic stress plateau of ∼50 MPa. During cycles at various temperatures spanning -70 to 55 °C, the plateau stress decreases from 58 to 48 MPa near linearly with increasing temperature. Based on in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction measurements, we conclude that this superelastic behavior is due to reversible martensite variants reorientation (i.e., reversible twinning) with lattice rotation of ∼13°. The reproducible stress plateau fluctuations are assigned to reversible twinning at well-defined locations along the wire. The strain recovery during unloading is attributed to reverse twinning, driven by the internal stress generated on loading between the elastic γ precipitates and the twinning martensite matrix. The temperature dependence of the twining stress on loading is related to the change in tetragonality of the martensite, as measured by X-ray diffraction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-381
Number of pages9
JournalActa Materialia
StatePublished - Oct 15 2015


  • NiMnGa
  • Oligocrystalline materials
  • Shape-memory effect
  • Size effect
  • Superelasticity
  • Twinning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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