Superior Plasmonic Photodetectors Based on Au@MoS2 Core-Shell Heterostructures

Yuan Li, Jennifer G. Distefano, Akshay A. Murthy, Jeffrey D. Cain, Eve D. Hanson, Qianqian Li, Fernando C. Castro, Xinqi Chen*, Vinayak P. Dravid

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

Integrating plasmonic materials into semiconductor media provides a promising approach for applications such as photosensing and solar energy conversion. The resulting structures introduce enhanced light-matter interactions, additional charge trap states, and efficient charge-transfer pathways for light-harvesting devices, especially when an intimate interface is built between the plasmonic nanostructure and semiconductor. Herein, we report the development of plasmonic photodetectors using Au@MoS2 heterostructures - an Au nanoparticle core that is encapsulated by a CVD-grown multilayer MoS2 shell, which perfectly realizes the intimate and direct interfacing of Au and MoS2. We explored their favorable applications in different types of photosensing devices. The first involves the development of a large-area interdigitated field-effect phototransistor, which shows a photoresponsivity ∼10 times higher than that of planar MoS2 transistors. The other type of device geometry is a Si-supported Au@MoS2 heterojunction gateless photodiode. We demonstrated its superior photoresponse and recovery ability, with a photoresponsivity as high as 22.3 A/W, which is beyond the most distinguished values of previously reported similar gateless photodetectors. The improvement of photosensing performance can be a combined result of multiple factors, including enhanced light absorption, creation of more trap states, and, possibly, the formation of interfacial charge-transfer transition, benefiting from the intimate connection of Au and MoS2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10321-10329
Number of pages9
JournalACS nano
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 24 2017

Keywords

  • Au@MoS
  • core-shell
  • heterostructures
  • photodetectors
  • plasmonic enhancement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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