Superlattice Plasmons in Hierarchical Au Nanoparticle Arrays

Danqing Wang, Ankun Yang, Alexander J. Hryn, George C. Schatz*, Teri W. Odom

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations


Periodic metal nanoparticle (NP) arrays support narrow lattice plasmon resonances that can be tuned by changing the localized surface plasmons of the individual NPs in the array, NP periodicity, and dielectric environment. In this paper, we report superlattice plasmons that can be supported by hierarchical Au NP arrays, where finite arrays of NPs (patches) are organized into arrays with larger periodicities. We show that superlattice plasmons can be described by the coupling of single-patch lattice plasmons and Bragg modes defined by the patch periodicity. Superlattice plasmon resonances are often significantly narrower than that of single-patch lattice plasmon resonances and exhibit stronger local peak fields. By varying the periodicity of the patches, we demonstrated that the number and spectral location of superlattice plasmon resonances can be tailored in hierarchical Au NP arrays. These narrow superlattice plasmon resonances open prospects in ultrasensitive sensing and energy transfer and plasmon amplification in plasmonic cavities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1789-1794
Number of pages6
JournalACS Photonics
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 16 2015


  • Bragg modes
  • hierarchical
  • lattice plasmons
  • metal nanoparticles
  • mode coupling
  • superlattice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biotechnology
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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