Superresolved image reconstruction of images taken through the turbulent atmosphere

D. R. Gerwe, Martin A Plonus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Superresolved image reconstruction is demonstrated by use of multiple images taken through atmospheric turbulence under photon-limited conditions. An iterative reconstruction algorithm applies estimate-maximize techniques to a series of short-exposure images of the desired object scene along with the corresponding image sequence of a guide star. Simulations show that estimates of the Fourier components both below and above the diffraction limit are improved at successive iterations. The estimated images give finer detail of the original object than does the diffraction-limited image. Effects of photon-noise levels on restoration performance are investigated, and a modification to the reconstruction algorithm is derived that accounts for the effects of CCD read noise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2620-2628
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision
Volume15
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

Fingerprint

image reconstruction
Image reconstruction
Photons
Diffraction
atmospheres
Atmospheric turbulence
Charge coupled devices
Restoration
Stars
atmospheric turbulence
photons
estimates
diffraction
restoration
iteration
charge coupled devices
stars
simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

Cite this

@article{862d2905fe284bb982393ac7ba2f0bec,
title = "Superresolved image reconstruction of images taken through the turbulent atmosphere",
abstract = "Superresolved image reconstruction is demonstrated by use of multiple images taken through atmospheric turbulence under photon-limited conditions. An iterative reconstruction algorithm applies estimate-maximize techniques to a series of short-exposure images of the desired object scene along with the corresponding image sequence of a guide star. Simulations show that estimates of the Fourier components both below and above the diffraction limit are improved at successive iterations. The estimated images give finer detail of the original object than does the diffraction-limited image. Effects of photon-noise levels on restoration performance are investigated, and a modification to the reconstruction algorithm is derived that accounts for the effects of CCD read noise.",
author = "Gerwe, {D. R.} and Plonus, {Martin A}",
year = "1998",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1364/JOSAA.15.002620",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
pages = "2620--2628",
journal = "Journal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision",
issn = "1084-7529",
publisher = "The Optical Society",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Superresolved image reconstruction of images taken through the turbulent atmosphere

AU - Gerwe, D. R.

AU - Plonus, Martin A

PY - 1998/1/1

Y1 - 1998/1/1

N2 - Superresolved image reconstruction is demonstrated by use of multiple images taken through atmospheric turbulence under photon-limited conditions. An iterative reconstruction algorithm applies estimate-maximize techniques to a series of short-exposure images of the desired object scene along with the corresponding image sequence of a guide star. Simulations show that estimates of the Fourier components both below and above the diffraction limit are improved at successive iterations. The estimated images give finer detail of the original object than does the diffraction-limited image. Effects of photon-noise levels on restoration performance are investigated, and a modification to the reconstruction algorithm is derived that accounts for the effects of CCD read noise.

AB - Superresolved image reconstruction is demonstrated by use of multiple images taken through atmospheric turbulence under photon-limited conditions. An iterative reconstruction algorithm applies estimate-maximize techniques to a series of short-exposure images of the desired object scene along with the corresponding image sequence of a guide star. Simulations show that estimates of the Fourier components both below and above the diffraction limit are improved at successive iterations. The estimated images give finer detail of the original object than does the diffraction-limited image. Effects of photon-noise levels on restoration performance are investigated, and a modification to the reconstruction algorithm is derived that accounts for the effects of CCD read noise.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0011230383&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0011230383&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1364/JOSAA.15.002620

DO - 10.1364/JOSAA.15.002620

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0011230383

VL - 15

SP - 2620

EP - 2628

JO - Journal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision

JF - Journal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision

SN - 1084-7529

IS - 10

ER -