Suppressing Ambient Degradation of Exfoliated InSe Nanosheet Devices via Seeded Atomic Layer Deposition Encapsulation

Spencer A. Wells, Alex Henning, J. Tyler Gish, Vinod K. Sangwan, Lincoln J. Lauhon, Mark C. Hersam*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


With exceptional charge carrier mobilities and a direct bandgap at most thicknesses, indium selenide (InSe) is an emerging layered semiconductor that has generated significant interest for electronic and optoelectronic applications. However, exfoliated InSe nanosheets are susceptible to rapid degradation in ambient conditions, thus limiting their technological potential. In addition to morphological changes upon ambient exposure, the mobilities and current modulation on/off ratios of InSe transistors, as well as the responsivities of InSe photodetectors, decrease by over 3 orders of magnitude within 12 h of ambient exposure. In an effort to mitigate these deleterious effects, here we present an encapsulation scheme based on seeded atomic layer deposition that provides pinhole-free growth of alumina without compromising the intrinsic electronic properties of the underlying InSe. In particular, this encapsulation provides reproducible InSe field-effect transistor characteristics and InSe photodetector responsivities in excess of 10 7 A/W following ambient exposure for time periods on the order of months. Because atomic layer deposition is a highly scalable and manufacturable process, this work will accelerate ongoing efforts to integrate InSe nanosheets into electronic and optoelectronic technologies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7876-7882
Number of pages7
JournalNano letters
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 12 2018


  • Two-dimensional
  • electronics
  • indium selenide
  • optoelectronics
  • passivation
  • photodetector
  • semiconductor
  • transistor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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