We examined the role of IL-12, a cytokine critical to the evolution of cellular responses, in the development of Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus-induced demyelinating disease (TMEV-IDD). Treatment with mAbs to IL- 12, especially during the effector phase, resulted in significant suppression of the development of this disease both clinically and histologically. In mice treated with these mAbs, the production of inflammatory and Th1-derived cytokines such as TNF-α and lieN-γ, in the spleen cells was decreased, and that of Th2-derived cytokines such as IL-4 and IL-10 was increased. The delayed type hypersensitivity and T cell proliferative response specific for TMEV were decreased by this treatment. These data suggest that IL-12 is critically involved in the pathogenesis of TMEV-IDD and that Abs to IL-12 could be a novel therapeutic approach in the clinical treatment of demyelinating diseases such as human multiple sclerosis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Nov 15 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy