Suppressor T cell mechanisms in contact sensitivity. II. Afferent blockade by alloinduced suppressor T cells

S. D. Miller, M. S. Sy, H. N. Claman

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32 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors investigated the mechanism(s) by which MHC-restricted suppressor T cells (Ts) induced by i.v. injection of allogeneic DNP-modified lymphoid cells (alloinduced Ts) suppress the DNFB contact sensitivity response. It was shown that alloinduced Ts acted only during the early phases (afferent limb) of sensitization. They were incapable of suppressing previously sensitized recipients or of inhibiting the expression of DNFB-immune LN cells when co-transferred into normal recipients. The target of alloinduced Ts seems to be cell proliferation, i.e., inhibition of antigen-induced cell proliferation (DNA synthesis) in Ts recipient mice. The failure of recipients of alloinduced Ts to generate DNFB-immune LN cells capable of transferring contact sensitivity to normal recipients also suggests that these Ts act by preventing the development of an expanded clone of mature immune T cells. The suppressive effects of alloinduced Ts also were inhibited by prior in vitro treatment with anti-TNP serum. The data are discussed in terms of current models of suppression, and are compared to mechanisms of suppression in other contact sensitivity models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)274-280
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume121
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 1978

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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