Suppressor T cells: Presence in mice rendered tolerant by neonatal treatment with anti receptor antibody or antigen

T. W. Du Clos, B. S. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Specific tolerance to phosphorylcholine (PC) was induced in BALB/c mice by two methods. Neonatal mice received a single injection of either: 1) PnC, the C-polysaccharide from S. pneumoniae, R36a vaccine which has PC as a major antigenic determinant or 2) ARA, an homologous antibody directed against the receptor for PC. Spleen cells from animals treated as neonates with either PnC or ARA were specifically suppressed for the response to PC antigens in vitro. In addition, cells from either group of unresponsive animals co-cultured with spleen cells of normal BALB/c mice markedly suppressed the response of the normal cells to PC. Greater than 90% inhibition of the plaque-forming cell response was obtained when unresponsive cells were mixed with normal cells in ratios of 1:1 or greater. Equal numbers of cells from animals made unresponsive by PnC or ARA produced an equivalent degree of suppression. Neither supernatants of cultures nor sera of animals of either unresponsive group suppressed the response of normal spleen cells to PC. Suppression by cells from both groups of tolerant mice was eliminated by treatment with anti-Thy 1.2 serum and C. Presumably, a common cell is responsible for suppression caused by cells from mice made unresponsive by either procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1769-1772
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume119
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1977

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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