Surface passivation of nanoporous TiO2 via atomic layer deposition of ZrO2 for solid-state dye-sensitized solar cell applications

Tina C. Li, Márcio S. Góes, Francisco Fabregat-Santiago*, Juan Bisquert, Paulo R. Bueno, Chaiya Praslttichal, Joseph T Hupp, Tobin Jay Marks

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

133 Scopus citations


We report here the utilization of atomic layer deposition to passivate surface trap states in mesoporous TiO2 nanoparticles for solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells based on 2,2',7,7', N-di-p- methoxyphenylamine)9,9'-spirobifluorene (spiro-OMeTAD). By depositing ZrO 2 films with angstrom-level precision, coating the inesoporous TiO2 produces over a two-fold enhancement in short-circuit current density, as compared to a control device. Impedance spectroscopy measurements provide evidence that the ZrO2 coating reduces recombination losses at the TiO2/spiro-OMeTAD interface and passivates localized surface states. Lowfrequency negative capacitances, frequently observed in nanocomposite solar cells, have been associated with the surface-state mediated charge transfer from TiO2 to the spiro-OMeTAD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18385-18390
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number42
StatePublished - Nov 20 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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