Surface potential modulation as a tool for mitigating challenges in SERS-based microneedle sensors

Vitor Brasiliense, Ji Eun Park, Eric J. Berns, Richard P Van Duyne, Milan Mrksich*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Raman spectroscopic-based biosensing strategies are often complicated by low signal and the presence of multiple chemical species. While surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) nanostructured platforms are able to deliver high quality signals by focusing the electromagnetic field into a tight plasmonic hot-spot, it is not a generally applicable strategy as it often depends on the specific adsorption of the analyte of interest onto the SERS platform. This paper describes a strategy to address this challenge by using surface potential as a physical binding agent in the context of microneedle sensors. We show that the potential-dependent adsorption of different chemical species allows scrutinization of the contributions of different chemical species to the final spectrum, and that the ability to cyclically adsorb and desorb molecules from the surface enables efficient application of multivariate analysis methods. We demonstrate how the strategy can be used to mitigate potentially confounding phenomena, such as surface reactions, competitive adsorption and the presence of molecules with similar structures. In addition, this decomposition helps evaluate criteria to maximize the signal of one molecule with respect to others, offering new opportunities to enhance the measurement of analytes in the presence of interferants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number15929
JournalScientific reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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