Surface treatment of cement-based materials with NanoSiO2

Pengkun Hou, Xin Cheng, Jueshi Qian, Surendra P. Shah

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

A dense surface structure of cement-based material is favorable for its resistance to the impacts of environment. In this work, effectiveness and mechanisms of the surface treatment of cement-based materials with nanoSiO 2 of different states, that is, colloidal nanoSiO2 (CNS) and the in situ formed nanoSiO2 gel through the hydrolysis of its precursor of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS), by brushing and soaking techniques, were investigated. Results showed that both CNS and TEOS are capable of reducing the liquid and gaseous transport properties of hardened cement-based materials, although at a different extent. It revealed that the pozzolanic reactivity and the filler effect of nanoSiO2 are the main causes for the refining of the threshold size and the reduction of volume of the capillary pores, and they finally lead to a linearly reduction of the transport property. From this study, it can be reflected that surface treatment of cement-based materials with nanoSiO2 would be an optimal alternative of making concrete structure more durable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages190-197
Number of pages8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Event4th International Conference on the Durability of Concrete Structures, ICDCS 2014 - West Lafayette, IN, United States
Duration: Jul 24 2014Jul 26 2014

Other

Other4th International Conference on the Durability of Concrete Structures, ICDCS 2014
CountryUnited States
CityWest Lafayette, IN
Period7/24/147/26/14

Keywords

  • CNS
  • Cement-based materials
  • Durability
  • TEOS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

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