Surgeon Volume in Benign Gynecologic Surgery: Review of Outcomes, Impact on Training, and Ethical Contexts

Laura M. Glaser*, Lacey Brennan, Louise P. King, Magdy P. Milad

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


It is becoming increasingly clear that surgeon volume affects surgical outcomes. High-volume surgeons demonstrate reduced perioperative complications, shorter operative times, and reduced blood loss during multiple modalities of benign gynecologic surgery. Furthermore, high-volume surgeons consistently demonstrate higher rates of minimally invasive approaches, low rates of conversion to laparotomy, and lower per-procedure case costs. It is suggested that surgeons who have completed postresidency training have improved surgical outcomes, although these data are limited. Surgical exposure in obstetrics and gynecology residency is varied and does not consistently meet demonstrated surgical learning curves. Deficiencies in residency surgical training may be related to the volume–outcome relationship. We suggest reforming residency surgical training and tracking postresidency practice to provide optimal surgical care. Additionally, surgeons may have an ethical obligation to inform patients of their surgical volume and outcomes, with options for referrals if needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-287
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2019


  • Ethics
  • Surgical outcomes
  • Training
  • Volume

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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