Surgery and catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation: History, current practice, and future directions

Patrick M. McCarthy*, James L. Cox, Olga N. Kislitsina, Jane Kruse, Andrei Churyla, S. Chris Malaisrie, Christopher K. Mehta

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common of all cardiac arrhythmias, affecting roughly 1% of the general population in the Western world. The incidence of AF is predicted to double by 2050. Most patients with AF are treated with oral medications and only approximately 4% of AF patients are treated with interventional techniques, including catheter ablation and surgical ablation. The increasing prevalence and the morbidity/mortality associated with AF warrants a more aggressive approach to its treatment. It is the purpose of this invited editorial to describe the past, present, and anticipated future directions of the interventional therapy of AF, and to crystallize the problems that remain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number210
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Catheter ablation
  • Electrophysiologic mapping
  • Maze procedure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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