Surgical intervention of nonvertebral osseous metastasis

Samer Attar*, Robert J. Steffner, Raffi Avedian, Waqas M. Hussain

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Nonvertebral osseous metastases can result in pain and disability. The goals of surgical intervention are to reduce pain and to improve function if nonsurgical treatment fails. The indications for proceeding with surgical intervention depend on anatomic location, amount of local destruction, extent of skeletal and visceral disease and, most important, the patient's performance status and life expectancy. Methods: This article reviews the evaluation and treatment of metastatic nonvertebral osseous lesions from the perspective of the orthopedic surgeon, based mainly on an assessment of the surgical literature. Results: This article summarizes the approaches to preoperative evaluation, patient selection, and medical optimization. Guidelines for estimating osseous stability and fracture risk are discussed, and surgical implants and their relation to postoperative outcomes are examined. This review also describes less invasive ablative procedures currently available. Conclusions: The surgical management of nonvertebral osseous metastases involves multidisciplinary collaboration. The surgical construct must be a stable, reliable, and durable intervention that is individually tailored and matched to a patient's prognosis and performance status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-121
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Control
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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