Surgical interventions for patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy

R. C. Starling*, N. G. Smedira, P. M. McCarthy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Symptomatic congestive heart failure causes great suffering and is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. It is now a widespread epidemic and one of the most important public health problems in cardiovascular medicine. Great insight has occurred with respect to pharmacotherapeutic approaches to heart failure yet symptomatic patients can still anticipate 5-year mortality rates of between 50% and 80%. Increased understanding of the pathophysiology of heart failure has resulted in clinicians focusing on the importance of revascularization strategies in patients with ischemic syndromes causing ventricular dysfunction. In patients without overt coronary artery disease, operative interventions can also play a significant role. Obviously, cardiac transplantation is the ultimate surgical intervention for treatment of any end stage cardiomyopathy, but this procedure, although extremely successful, still has limitations of immunosuppressive drug morbidity and inadequate donor organ availability. Several alternative procedures have been proposed, and include mitral valve reconstruction for cardiomyopathy-induced mitral regurgitation, partial left ventriculectomy or volume reduction surgery (sometimes called the Batista Procedure), and dynamic cardiomyoplasty. It is important to consider pathophysiologic concepts underlying these surgical procedures and study emerging experience to determine if these operative interventions subsequently can play a significant role in managing patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)334-344
Number of pages11
JournalCardiology in review
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

Keywords

  • Cardiac remodeling
  • Cardiomyoplasty
  • Heart failure
  • Mitral valve reconstruction
  • Volume reduction surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Surgical interventions for patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this