Surgical management of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in children: A systematic review

Tim Jancelewicz*, Monica E. Lopez, Cynthia D. Downard, Saleem Islam, Robert Baird, Shawn J. Rangel, Regan F. Williams, Meghan A. Arnold, Dave Lal, Elizabeth Renaud, Julia Grabowski, Roshni Dasgupta, Mary Austin, Julia Shelton, Danielle Cameron, Adam B. Goldin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective The goal of this systematic review by the American Pediatric Surgical Association Outcomes and Evidence-Based Practice Committee was to derive recommendations from the medical literature regarding the surgical treatment of pediatric gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Methods Five questions were addressed by searching the MEDLINE, Cochrane, Embase, Central, and National Guideline Clearinghouse databases using relevant search terms. Consensus recommendations were derived for each question based on the best available evidence. Results There was insufficient evidence to formulate recommendations for all questions. Fundoplication does not affect the rate of hospitalization for aspiration pneumonia, apnea, or reflux-related symptoms. Fundoplication is effective in reducing all parameters of esophageal acid exposure without altering esophageal motility. Laparoscopic fundoplication may be comparable to open fundoplication with regard to short-term clinical outcomes. Partial fundoplication and complete fundoplication are comparable in effectiveness for subjective control of GERD. Fundoplication may benefit GERD patients with asthma, but may not improve outcomes in patients with neurologic impairment or esophageal atresia. Overall GERD recurrence rates are likely below 20%. Conclusions High-quality evidence is lacking regarding the surgical management of GERD in the pediatric population. Definitive conclusions regarding the effectiveness of fundoplication are limited by patient heterogeneity and lack of a standardized outcomes reporting framework. Type of study Systematic review of level 1–4 studies. Level of evidence Level 1–4 (mainly level 3–4)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1228-1238
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of pediatric surgery
Volume52
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2017

Keywords

  • Fundoplication
  • GERD
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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