Surgical outcomes of Glaucoma associated with Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome

Emily M. Zepeda, Kari Branham, Sayoko E. Moroi, Brenda L. Bohnsack*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: The surgical management of glaucoma associated with Axenfeld-Rieger Syndrome (ARS) is poorly described in the literature. The goal of this study is to compare the effectiveness of various glaucoma surgeries on intraocular pressure (IOP) management in ARS. Methods: Retrospective cohort study at a university hospital-based practice of patients diagnosed with ARS between 1973 and 2018. Exclusion criterion was follow-up less than 1 year. The number of eyes with glaucoma (IOP ≥ 21 mmHg with corneal edema, Haabs striae, optic nerve cupping or buphthalmos) requiring surgery was determined. The success and survival rates of goniotomy, trabeculotomy±trabeculectomy (no antifibrotics), cycloablation, trabeculectomy with anti-fibrotics, and glaucoma drainage device placement were assessed. Success was defined as IOP of 5-20 mmHg and no additional IOP-lowering surgery or visually devastating complications. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and the Wilcoxon test were used for statistical analysis. Results: In 32 patients identified with ARS (median age at presentation 6.9 years, 0-58.7 years; median follow-up 5.4 years, 1.1-43.7 years), 23 (71.9%) patients were diagnosed with glaucoma at median age 6.3 years (0-57.9 years). In glaucomatous eyes (46 eyes), mean IOP at presentation was 21.8 ± 9.3 mmHg (median 20 mmHg, 4-45 mmHg) on 1.0 ± 1.6 glaucoma medications. Thirty-one eyes of 18 patients required glaucoma surgery with 2.2 ± 1.2 IOP-lowering surgeries per eye. Goniotomy (6 eyes) showed 43% success with 4.3 ± 3.9 years of IOP control. Trabeculotomy±trabeculectomy (6 eyes) had 17% success rate with 14.8 ± 12.7 years of IOP control. Trabeculectomy with anti-fibrotics (14 eyes) showed 57% success with 16.5 ± 13.5 years of IOP control. Ahmed

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number172
JournalBMC Ophthalmology
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 1 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Angle surgery
  • Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome
  • Iridogoniodysgenesis
  • Pediatric glaucoma
  • Secondary glaucoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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