Although laparotomy with resection remains the treatment of choice for most patients who require surgery for intestinal Crohn's disease, mounting evidence supports the safety and efficacy of less traditional approaches and procedures (ie, laparoscopy, strictureplasty). In contrast to the approach to intestinal disease, many centers are advocating a more aggressive operative approach to perianal Crohn's disease. Over the past few years, restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis has emerged as the operation of choice for most patients requiring surgery for ulcerative colitis. As experience with the operation grows, patient selection, technical features, and management of postoperative complications are being more clearly defined and optimized.
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