Appropriate surgical management of Crohn disease is predicated on multiple variables, but stricturoplasty is generally reserved for small bowel disease, whereas resection is utilized in ileocolonic inflammation and favored for large bowel disease. Laparoscopic resection is becoming increasingly useful and justified for ileocolic resections, and segmental resection should be strongly considered for limited large bowel inflammation. Some centers are also using a laparoscopic approach for the surgical treatment of acute or chronic ulcerative colitis, although the benefits are less apparent. Proctocolectomy with ileostomy or ileal pouch-anal anastomosis returns the patient's quality of life to a level comparable to that enjoyed by the general population. Creation of a pouch is performed in most instances, but early complications may warrant pouch revision and later complications, such as pouchitis, can mandate pouch excision.
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