An extensive review of biomaterials in the face was conducted in an American Society of Maxillofacial Surgeons-sponsored biomaterials symposium. The symposium was held in Boston, MA, immediately preceding the 1998 annual meeting of the ASPRS/PSEF. The scope of the symposium extended from current reconstructive techniques for the facial skeleton, including autogenous bone and biomaterials, to potential application of new techniques in molecular biology that may enable the body's own tissues to be engineered to provide bone and cartilage to reconstruct the facial skeleton. The authors review the presentations and relevant literature on biomaterials in the face. The following topics are reviewed: current reconstructive techniques using autogenous bone grafts, methyl methacrylate cranioplasty, demineralized bone, and hydroxyapatite; biomaterials used for rigid fixation, including metallic and bioabsorbable implants; biomaterials used for facial augmentation, including porous polyethylene, hard-tissue replacement, and ceramic biomaterials; biofilm, or a layered polysaccharide matrix secreted by bacteria on the surface of implants; and potential means of inducing bone formation by directing: the body's own tissues through cytokine interaction, gene transfer, and tissue engineering.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Craniofacial Surgery|
|State||Published - Sep 1 1999|
- Bone grafts
- Methyl methacrylate
ASJC Scopus subject areas