Symptomatic ectopic bone formation after off-label use of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion: Report of 4 cases

Nan Fu Chen, Zachary A. Smith, Eric Stiner, Sean Armin, Hormoz Sheikh, Larry T. Khoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations

Abstract

Object. Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) has been approved for use in the lumbar spine in conjunction with the lumbar tapered cage. However, off-label use of this osteoinductive agent is observed with anterior fusion applications as well as with both posterior lumbar interbody fusion and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). Complications using rhBMP-2 in the cervical spine have been reported. Although radiographic evidence of ectopic bone in the lumbar spine has been described following rhBMP-2 use, this finding was not previously believed to be of clinical relevance. Methods. This study was a retrospective review of 4 patients who underwent minimally invasive spinal TLIF (MIS-TLIF) in which bone fusion was augmented with rhBMP-2 applied to an absorbable collagen sponge. Case presentations, operative findings, imaging data, and follow-up findings were reviewed. Results. Four cases with delayed symptomatic neural compression following the off-label use of rhBMP-2 with MIS-TLIF were identified. Conclusions. Although previously believed to be only a radiographic finding, the development of ectopic bone following rhBMP-2 use in lumbar fusion can be clinically significant. This paper describes 4 cases of delayed neural compression following MIS-TLIF. The reader should be aware of this potential complication following the off-label use of rhBMP-2 in the lumbar spine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-46
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery: Spine
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Keywords

  • Absorbable collagen sponge
  • Ectopic bone
  • Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein
  • Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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