Synchrotron constraints on a hybrid cosmic-ray and thermally driven galactic wind

John E. Everett, Quintin G. Schiller, Ellen G. Zweibel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


Cosmic rays and magnetic fields can substantially impact the launching of large-scale galactic winds. Many researchers have investigated the role of cosmic rays; our group previously showed that a cosmic-ray and thermally driven wind could explain soft X-ray emission toward the center of the Galaxy. In this paper, we calculate the synchrotron emission from our original wind model and compare it to observations; the synchrotron data show that earlier assumptions about the launching conditions of the wind must be changed: we are required to improve that earlier model by restricting the launching region to the domain of the inner "Molecular Ring," and by decreasing the magnetic field strength from the previously assumed maximum strength. With these physically motivated modifications, we find that a wind model can fit both the radio synchrotron and the X-ray emission, although that model is required to have a higher gas pressure and density than the previous model in order to reproduce the observed X-ray emission within the smaller "footprint." The drop in magnetic field also decreases the effect of cosmic-ray heating, requiring a higher temperature at the base of the wind than the previous model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-24
Number of pages12
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2010


  • Cosmic rays
  • Galaxy: evolution
  • Galaxy: kinematics and dynamics
  • ISM: jets and outflows
  • ISM: magnetic fields
  • X-rays: diffuse background

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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