Synergistic anti-tumor efficacy of mutant isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 inhibitor SYC-435 with standard therapy in patient-derived xenograft mouse models of glioma

Mari Kogiso, Lin Qi, Yuchen Du, Frank K. Braun, Huiyuan Zhang, L. Frank Huang, Lei Guo, Yulun Huang, Wan Yee Teo, Holly Lindsay, Sibo Zhao, Sarah G. Injac, Zhen Liu, Vidya Mehta, Diep Tran, Feng Li, Patricia A. Baxter, Jack M. Su, Laszlo Perlaky, D. Williams ParsonsMurali Chintagumpala, Adekunle Adesina, Yongcheng Song, Xiao Nan Li*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Clinical outcomes in patients with WHO grade II/III astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma or secondary glioblastoma remain poor. Isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) is mutated in > 70% of these tumors, making it an attractive therapeutic target. To determine the efficacy of our newly developed mutant IDH1 inhibitor, SYC-435 (1-hydroxypyridin-2-one), we treated orthotopic glioma xenograft model (IC-BT142AOA) carrying R132H mutation and our newly established orthotopic patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model of recurrent anaplastic oligoastrocytoma (IC-V0914AOA) bearing R132C mutation. In addition to suppressing IDH1 mutant cell proliferation in vitro, SYC-435 (15 mg/kg, daily x 28 days) synergistically prolonged animal survival times with standard therapies (Temozolomide + fractionated radiation) mediated by reduction of H3K4/H3K9 methylation and expression of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)-encoded molecules. Furthermore, RNA-seq of the remnant tumors identified genes (MYO1F, CTC1 and BCL9) and pathways (base excision repair, TCA cycle II, sirtuin signaling, protein kinase A, eukaryotic initiation factor 2 and α-adrenergic signaling) as mediators of therapy resistance. Our data demonstrated the efficacy SYC-435 in targeting IDH1 mutant gliomas when combined with standard therapy and identified a novel set of genes that should be prioritized for future studies to overcome SYC-435 resistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101368
JournalTranslational Oncology
Volume18
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Glioma
  • IDH1
  • Orthotopic PDX
  • SYC-435
  • Standard therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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