The uptake of gaseous organic species by atmospheric particles can be affected by the reactive interactions among multiple co-condensing species, yet the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understand. Here, the uptake of unary and binary mixtures of glyoxal and pinanediol by neutral and acidic sulfate particles is investigated. These species are important products from the oxidation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) under atmospheric conditions. The uptake to acidic aerosol particles greatly increased for a binary mixture of glyoxal and pinanediol compared to the unary counterparts. The strength of the synergism depended on the particle acidity and water content (i.e., relative humidity). The greater uptake was up to 2.5× to 8× at 10% relative humidity (RH) for glyoxal and pinanediol, respectively. At 50% RH, it was 2× and 1.2× for the two species. Possible mechanisms of acid-catalyzed cross reactions between the species are proposed to explain the synergistic uptake. The proposed mechanisms are applicable to a broader extent across atmospheric species having carbonyl and hydroxyl functionalities. The results thus suggest that synergistic uptake reactions can be expected to significantly influence the gas-particle partitioning of VOC oxidation products under atmospheric conditions and thus greatly affect their atmospheric transport and lifetime.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Chemistry