Syntheses, crystal structures, optical and theoretical studies of the actinide thiophosphates SrU(PS4)2, BaU(PS4)2, and SrTh(PS4)2

Adel Mesbah, Jai Prakash, Jessica C. Beard, Sébastien Lebègue, Christos D. Malliakas, James A. Ibers*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Three new actinide thiophosphates, SrU(PS4)2, BaU(PS4)2, and SrTh(PS4)2, have been synthesized by high-temperature solid-state methods, and their crystal structures were determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. These three isostructural compounds crystallize in a new structure type in space group D4h13-P42/mbc of the tetragonal system. Their structure features infinite one-dimensional chains of ∞1[An(PS4)22-] anions (An = U or Th). Each An atom is coordinated by eight S atoms in a bicapped trigonal prism, and each P atom is tetrahedrally bonded to four S atoms. The compounds are readily charge balanced as Ak2+An4+(P5+(S2-)4)2. Optical studies on single crystals of SrU(PS4)2 and BaU(PS4)2 as well as ground single crystals of SrTh(PS4)2 revealed a direct band gap of 2.13(2) eV and an indirect band gap value of 1.99(2) eV for SrU(PS4)2 and a direct and indirect gap of about 2.28(2) eV for BaU(PS4)2. SrTh(PS4)2 has a relatively large band gap of 3.02(2) eV. DFT calculations for SrU(PS4)2 and BaU(PS4)2 using the HSE functional predict both compounds to be antiferromagnetic and have very similar electronic structures with band gaps of 2.7 eV. The band gap calculated for SrTh(PS4)2 is 3.2 eV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2970-2975
Number of pages6
JournalInorganic chemistry
Volume54
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 16 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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