Synthesis and Characterization of a Series of Quaternary Chalcogenides BaLnMQ3 (Ln=Rare Earth, M=Coinage Metal, Q=Se or Te)

Yuting Yang*, James A. Ibers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

The compounds BaGdAuSe3, BaLaCuTe3, BaYCuTe3, BaYAgTe3, BaLaAgTe3, BaYbCuTe3, BaGdAgTe3, BaNdCuTe3, and BaPrCuTe3 were prepared by the reaction in a BaBr2/KBr flux at 850°C of a rare earth, a coinage-group metal, a chalcogen, and BaSe or BaTe. The unit cells of all of the compounds and the crystal structures of the first four compounds were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction methods. With the exception of BaLaCuTe3, which crystallizes with four formula units in the orthorhombic space group Pnma, all of these compounds crystallize with four formula units in the orthorhombic space group Cmcm. BaLaCuTe3, isostructural with β-BaLaCuSe3 and Eu2CuS3 (i.e., Eu2+Eu3+Cu+(S2-)3), and BaGdAuSe3, BaYCuTe3, and BaYAgTe3, isostructural with KZrCuS3, crystallize in a layered structure in which there are 2[LnMQ2-3] layers separated by Ba2+ ions. Ln atoms are coordinated by six Q atoms at the corners of a distorted octahedron, and M atoms are coordinated by four Q atoms at the corners of a tetrahedron. The layers are formed by the connection of edge-sharing octahedral chains and corner-sharing tetrahedral chains. Ba atoms are coordinated by seven Q atoms in BaLaCuTe3 and by eight Q atoms in BaGdAuSe3, BaYCuTe3, and BaYAgTe3. BaNdAgTe3 shows temperature-dependent paramagnetism. Its magnetic susceptibility follows the Curie-Weiss law. The effective magnetic moment of 3.4(3) μB is in agreement with the theoretical value of 3.6 μB for Nd3+.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)366-371
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume147
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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