Synthesis and characterization of CrN/Mo2N multilayers and phases of Molybdenum nitride

Robin Abraham Koshy*, Michael E. Graham, Laurence D. Marks

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


CrNx, MoNx, CrOx, MoOx and CrN/Mo2N multilayer films were deposited by reactive sputtering. Characterization of the coatings was carried out using XRD, XPS, optical profilometer, and nano-indentation. The oxidation of the thin films was studied as a function of annealing temperature. Tribological characterization of the Cr2O3 and the Mo-oxides was carried out as a function of annealing temperature. The low friction behavior of MoOx and MoNx was demonstrated. The deposition of CrNx and MoNx was also characterized and multilayer deposition of CrN and Mo2N was carried out. The hardness of Mo2N and CrN and the multilayers were shown to lie in the 20-30 GPa hardness regime. The multilayers are stable up to 500 °C in air and up to 1000 °C in argon. Initial friction testing on the multilayer coatings showed an activated self-lubricating mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1123-1128
Number of pages6
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Issue number4-7
StatePublished - Dec 15 2007


  • CrN/ MoN
  • In-situ lubrication
  • Lubricous oxides
  • Multilayer coatings
  • Nanolayers
  • Tool coatings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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