Synthesis and characterization of three new rare-earth titanium oxyselenides: Ln3.67Ti2O3Se6 (Ln = Ce, Nd, Sm)

O. Tougait, James A Ibers*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Three new compounds, Ln3.67Ti2O3Se6 (Ln = Ce, Nd, Sm), have been prepared from the reaction in stoichiometric ratios of Ln, TiO2, Ti, and Se in sealed fused-silica tubes at 950 °C. A KBr flux was used to promote the crystal growth. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction measurements show that these compounds are isostructural. They crystallize with four formula units in the monoclinic space group C2/m in a new structure type that contains four crystallographically independent Ln atoms with three different coordination geometries and three nonequivalent Ti atoms in octahedral geometry. The structure comprises infinite condensed slabs of composition (∞)/2[Ln4Ti2O4Se4Se(5/2)] alternating along the a axis with extended slabs of composition (∞)/2[Ln3.33Ti2O2Se3Se(5/2)]. To achieve charge balance, Ti3+ and Ti4+ cations must be present in equal numbers; these are randomly distributed over the Ti sites. Crystal data at -120 °C follow: Ce3.67Ti2O3Se6, a = 28.315(6) Å, b = 3.8719(8) Å, c = 11.271(2) Å, β = 90.45(3)°, R(F) = 0.0286; Nd3.67Ti2O3Se6, a = 28.121(6) Å, b = 3.8232(8) Å, c = 11.179(2) Å, β = 90.15(3)°, R(F) = 0.0322; Sm3.67Ti2O3Se6, a = 27.961(6) Å, b = 3.7827(8) Å, c = 11.128(2) Å, β = 90.26(3)°, R(F) = 0.0294. The magnetic susceptibilities of the Ln3.67Ti2O3Se6 (Ln = Ce, Nd, Sm) compounds are dominated by the trivalent rare-earth cations and display paramagnetic behavior down to 5 K.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2653-2658
Number of pages6
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number9
StatePublished - Oct 21 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)

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