Synthesis and surface investigations of N-substituted 2,5-dithio-7- azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptanes on gold surfaces

Sharwatie Ramsaywack, Sanela Martić, Scott Milton, Lisa Gates, Andrew S. Grant*, Mahmoud Labib, Andreas Decken, Heinz Bernhard Kraatz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The reaction of various primary amines and 2,5-dihydroxy-1,4-dithiane in the presence of a catalytic amount of Mg(II) in distilled water provided a series of N-substituted 2,5-dithia-7-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptanes. The adsorption profiles of the sulfur-containing heterocycles on gold surfaces have been explored by time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and electrochemistry. SIMS data indicated that these novel bicyclic sulfides interact with gold surfaces favorably, independent of the N-substitution, with minimal fragmentation. An XPS study revealed the three component core levels of S 2p with binding energies at 161, 162, and 163 eV, indicating a combination of the bound and unbound sulfur species. Using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), we found the efficient adsorption of heterocycles onto gold and the formation of densely packed films for alkyl and phenyl analogues. However, the adsorption and film packing properties were greatly compromised by an N-pyridyl substitution. The findings indicate that the surface behavior of N-substituted 2,5-dithia-7-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptanes varies with respect to the N-substitution and the nature of the substituent, suggesting that the adsorption profiles and the film packing of bicyclic sulfides on gold surfaces are highly dependent on the binding interface and the molecular orientation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7886-7896
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number14
StatePublished - Apr 12 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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